We R the Cure

Seeking Cures and Cheating Destiny


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Chance Chat At Work Leads to Blog Revival: Quantum Cascade Laser Tests Blood Sugar Without Finger Pricks

Happy New Year to all my Type 1 diabetes friends and #DOC community. After a long, long blogging vacation … I’m back to writing again thanks to a chance chat with a colleague at work today.

Princeton Researchers Use Lasers to Measure Blood Sugars

Members of the research team test the new laser system. Images courtesy of Frank Wojciechowski/Princeton University.

It was a completely unscripted meeting. As I was in the men’s restroom testing my blood sugar at work, Jonathan walks in, sees me and my bright red blood spot on my test strip. Then he asks: how many times a day did I ” prick my finger” for a blood drop to test my glucose. My normal answer: 8 to 10 times a day. Then I stop myself wondering if we’ve got a connection?

After a few soundbites about testing, insulin pumps, CGMs and all the standard stuff from me — Jonathan pauses and says: “Before I came here I was working in a research group at Princeton that is working to use lasers to accurately measure blood sugar without needing a finger prick,” he said.

Dramatic pause. The sound you heard is my jaw dropping and hitting the bathroom counter. First time I’d ever heard this possibility. The possibility of fewer finger pricks for blood testing is a dream for all of us T1Ds. Wave a magic wand or light beam over your finger and the BG results sync up with my soon-to-be-real Artificial Pancreas closed-loop technology!  Wow, my mind is now racing and I’m back in the blogging game. Here’s the link to the full story. Read it and let me know if you’ve heard of this research?  Together, We R the Cure for Type 1 diabetes and its serious medical complications!!

A team from Princeton University has developed the new technique, which measures blood sugar by directing an IR quantum cascade laser at a person’s palm. The laser light is partially absorbed by sugar molecules in the patient’s body; the amount of absorption is used to measure the level of blood sugar.

According to the researchers, the results indicated that the laser measurement readings produced average errors that were somewhat larger than standard blood sugar monitors, but remained within the clinical requirement for accuracy. In measuring blood glucose levels, readings must be within 20 percent of the patient’s actual blood sugar level. The new system has demonstrated 84 percent accuracy.

“We are working hard to turn engineering solutions into useful tools for people to use in their daily lives,” said Claire Gmachl, the Eugene Higgins Professor of Electrical Engineering and the project’s senior researcher. “With this work we hope to improve the lives of many diabetes sufferers who depend on frequent blood glucose monitoring.”


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ViaCyte begins clinical trial of diabetes treatment derived from stem cells; 40 people are needed for the trial

ViaCyte is developing a drug delivery system that enables implanted pancreatic progenitor cells to survive and differentiate into functioning insulin-producing islet cells.

Graphic showing ViaCyte encapsulated cell therapy for Type 1 diabetes clinical trials

View of ViaCyte’s encapsulated cell therapy packet. Stem cells will produce insulin and other hormones to better control blood glucose levels in persons with Type 1 diabetes.

UC San Diego said Tuesday it is hosting the Phase 1 trial in partnership with San Diego-based ViaCyte. The biotech company grows islet cells from human embryonic stem cells. The cells are placed into a semi-permeable envelope and implanted into the patient. In animals, the stem cells mature into islet cells, successfully controlling blood sugar.

The treatment could provide what the company calls a virtual cure for Type 1 diabetes, which is caused by a lack of insulin-producing “islet” cells in the pancreas. About 40 people are being sought for the trial.  The number to call for more information on the diabetes clinical trial is 858-657-7039.

I encourage you to read this article — This is why We R the Cure.  We need more public and private dollars for cutting-edge high tech research and we need more PWDs ( Persons With Diabetes) to enroll in clinical trials and encourage others to do the same.

http://www.utsandiego.com/news/2014/sep/09/viacyte-clinical-diabetes-stem-cells/

 


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Mathematics, Mary Tyler Moore and Standard Deviation, Part 2: Looking for the Type 1 Auto Pilot Easy Button

One of the all-time great movie quotes, from Airplane circa 1980s, actually fits perfect for persons living with Type 1 diabetes who keep looking for a qualified pilot or Auto Pilot “Easy Button” to help them fly safe and keep their complex human body on course:

Photo of Auto Pilot Easy Button to push for diabetets control

Managing Type 1 diabetes is like flying a complex jet airplane. What we need is an Auto Pilot Easy Button to keep us flying level and safe.

“All right, Striker, you listen, and listen close. Flying a plane is no different from riding a bicycle; it’s just a lot harder to put baseball cards in the spokes.”

The more you know about your own diabetes, the less you understand. The more time you spend managing your diabetes, using the latest technology tools, aiming for a lower A1c and a lower Standard Deviation, logging in and learning from the Diabetes Online Community (DOC) — the less you actually comprehend about a chronic disease that is, actually, almost impossible to control. There is no Auto Pilot button in the T1D cockpit.

In the first four months of 2014, I’ve been hyper-focused or rededicated to my diabetes management. Thanks to my new tech partner, the Dexcom “Studio” reporting app, I’ve been monitoring my hourly, daily and weekly trends, adjusting basel and bolus rates based on pattern or trend lines,  and charting my own “success report” or flight plan.  Of course, a true “success report” for Type 1Ds would show a TAB that says: “CURED.” Sorry, but I have not found this category yet on the Dexcom app.

If you’re looking for good news, here it is: My quarterly check up in April produced my best A1c number in almost 2 years — a 7.5 A1c! This is down from my 7.8 A1c in January, and my better-than-average result also produced a Standard Deviation number of 51 for April — way, way down from my Feb/March SDs in the high 60s.  I am thrilled with the current trend line and I better understand how hard work, diet and exercise, paying attention to the mathematics of diabetes and some luck produces better blood glucose control and fewer serious medical complications. This cause-and-effect was established in  the landmark DCCT study done more than two decades ago. The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) showed that keeping blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible slows the onset and progression of the eye, kidney, and nerve damage caused by diabetes. In fact, it demonstrated that any sustained lowering of blood glucose, also called blood sugar, helps, even if the person has a history of poor control.

However, here’s where the mathematics, Mary Tyler Moore and standard deviation come back into the story:

How can anyone spend 24/7, 365 days a year — every year for the rest of my life — working this hard at a full-time job that brings with it no pay, no days off, no miracle cures,  and the uncertainty that better blucose control– the goal is under 7.0  A1c — actually reduces medical complications?  As the Mary Tyler Moore TV theme song might actually ask: “You might just make it after all?”

Despite my recent well-earned success, my monthly and quarterly results still show that I’m still spending about 30% of my days ” out of my target” blood glucose zone ( 80 to 170) and, therefore, I still have not achieved true “control”  and may face potential health risks as I age.

Graph showing my Diabetes Glucose Control

My Dexcom Success Report shows better “In Target” results but shows I’ve still got a long way to go to achieve auto glucose control over my Type 1 Diabetes.

Here’s what my flight crew told me this month about my Type 1 Diabetes and how I’m doing on my journey toward better, healthier outcomes.

My Endocrinologist: “I don’t look for a certain standard deviation number, whether that’s 50 or lower. The key is to get the number as low as possible.  Your A1c is moving in the right direction but it needs to be lower.”

My Dietitian — first time I’ve met with one in 10 years. “People with Type 1 have all these numbers running around in their heads. They are constantly thinking about glucose numbers, A1Cs,  carbohydrates and is their trend line going up and down. I think it gets to be a little overwhelming at times. You should give yourself some credit because you are managing things that a person with a normal, functioning pancreas never thinks twice about. My glucose numbers may be the same as yours in a given day, but I don’t spend a minute thinking about it because my pancreas is doing it for me.”

My Dexcom Rep who is also a Type 1 diabetic — “The most important goal is more stable blood sugars. Our goal should be below 50. Even below 40. Our bodies like stability. There is a lot more to diabetes than just controlling one measurement or number. There are so many factors and stress is one of the biggest. If you have a good day and your numbers are improving, that’s a good thing. But some of this is really out of our hands.  We are humans after all.”

I turn to technology to help best manage my diabetes because my pancreas stopped making insulin almost two decades ago, and these advances in treatment have improved my quality of life immeasurably in some ways (emotional health) and very measurably in others (better blood sugar control). The technology we need now is the Auto Pilot Easy Button — or the Artificial Pancreas closed loop system. Push it and it’ll be almost like your pancreas is flying the plane again.


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Researchers Agree: The Status Quo Is Not Acceptable; We Need More Clinical Trial Participants To Drive Progress

Imagine my surprise and excitement when a leading Type 1 diabetes researcher, Dr. Desmond Schatz of the University of Florida, unofficially promoted our “We R The Cure” blog site during the JDRF Type 1 Diabetes Research Summit on Feb. 18, 2012. Let’s roll the audio tape:

We R the cure JDRF walk team

We R the Cure — and so are you. Sign up for a clinical trial today.

“We do not have enough people participating in research studies,” Dr. Schatz told several hundred Type 1D enthusiasts in his opening statements. “My goal is to give you hope, to inspire hope, and to push you to get involved. Without U, there can be no cure.” Almost on cue, an outburst of applause came from the adjacent ballroom where young children with Type 1 diabetes were playing and having fun while their parents attended the JDRF Summit. Dr. Schatz heard the applause and laughed. “I am here to make it clear, that the status quo (in Type 1 research) is unacceptable!” And again, the children cheered right on cue.

This blog is dedicated to the patients, doctors, nurses, researchers and big thinkers who are actively pushing research forward – in our search for solutions & cures for persons living with auto immune disorders such as type 1 diabetes and certain forms of cancer that are tied indirectly to weakened immune systems or a virus attack. If you’re ready to learn more or join a clinical trial, check back here often for news and information. Or simply click on Clinical Trials to get started.

My name is Mike Anderson, and I am the creator and editor of We R The Cure. I received my Type 1D diagnosis — from out of nowhere — in May 1998. Together with my friends and family, I am a passionate advocate for raising awareness and raising dollars for research and real solutions that will improve the quality of life for children, teens and adults living with this chronic disease. And one day — A cure or many cures.

A clinical study involves research using human volunteers (also called participants) that is intended to add to medical knowledge.  There are two main types of clinical studies: clinical trials and observational studies.    ClinicalTrials.gov includes both interventional and observational studies. So, what R U waiting for … Think about joining a clinical trial in 2014. It’s a new year’s resolution that is worth keeping. Thanks for your participation. werthecure.com


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Resolutions To Keep In 2014: One Small Step For Man, One Giant Leap … For Diabetes Awareness

Welcome back to We R The Cure, 2014 Edition. I am happy to be back among the Diabetes Online Community.

Artificial Pancreas Closed Loop System

Artificial Pancreas Closed Loop System

Yes, I’ve been away enjoying Christmas, New Year’s, working, searching for new work and — most importantly, focusing on what matters the most to me: Family, Friends and Faith. If you guessed that what matters most is my Type 1 D, well — you were close but wrong. Of course, it should have been a multiple choice answer.

If you are a person living with Type 1 diabetes, managing your sugar highs and lows is  ALWAYS on the list of what matters most. Healthy and active on the outside; dealing with a chronic, life-threatening disease on the inside. It is a frustrating condition for the 3 million Americans — toddlers, children, teens and young adults — living with it.

A new year is here, and it’s time for me to join the “New Year Resolutions” chorus and to get my editorial content calendar back ON THE GRID. So here goes my Top 5 list of what We R The Cure will focus on in 2014. Of course, the numerical ranking may switch or slide during the year. What is number 1 today, may be number 2 by year’s end. But you get the idea.

  1. Tell the story of my Aunt Mary Jane.  A Joslin Center Medalist who’s been living with Type 1 diabetes for 7 decades and is still waiting for the cure they promised her back in the 1940s. She’s a survivor who has lived the ups and downs of diabetes since the age of 7. She’s got a story to tell.
  2. The focus of ” We ” R The Cure is the amazing Type 1s, the researchers, the doctors, and the clinical teams pushing hard to bring tech solutions like the Artificial Pancreas to market. The focus is on all clinical trial participants. If you are participating in a clinical trial and want to tell your story — please contact me. Your story needs to be told. And we need to encourage more Type 1Ds to seek and participate in clinical trials. We need more guinea pigs.
  3. Research and technology “News that we can use.” As a former reporter, my job is to highlight and interpret the daily digest of exciting and confusing news surrounding Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.
  4. Wearing My new DexCom 4 and, hopefully, the DexCom 5 in Clinical Trials at the Center for Diabetes Technology at UVA. The DexCom 5 will send its results directly to the Artificial Pancreas smartphone and not to the transmitter. This must be tested and proven successful before “Home” AP trials can begin in 2014.
  5. Biking for the Cure in 2014. Finally putting this on my ” bucket list” and doing it. The target goal: Riding 60 or 100 miles, raising money for diabetes research, and keeping a journal about my training and crossing the finish line.

 

OK, there it is. I’ve placed my resolutions and goals online. WeRThe Cure is ready for another year — year 16 — of balancing life and diabetes. With the love and support of my spouse, family and friends — 2014 will be another great year.

Thanks for reading. Please comment or share ideas or stories.

Mike Anderson


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Diabetes Technology: What Patients Really Want — The Video


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UVA Artificial Pancreas Team Receives $3.4 Million Grant; Technology Aims To Transform The Lives Of Type 1 Diabetics

A high-tech project at the Center for Diabetes Technology at UVa to turn an ordinary smart phone into an artificial pancreas that could transform the lives of people with type 1 diabetes has received a $3.4 million grant from the National Institutes of Health.

The Center For Diabetes Technology Team at UVA

The Center for Diabetes Technology Team at UVA is part of a worldwide Artificial Pancreas Consortium working to bring a safe and high-tech Closed Loop System to Americans with Type 1 diabetes in the next few years!

The money will fund a new network approach to artificial pancreas design using distributed computing between local and Cloud systems that will allow real-time adjustment of insulin delivery based on the individual’s needs. The grant will also fund three clinical trials at the University of Virginia and at Stanford University that will advance the project toward its final goal of offering people with type 1 diabetes – in which the body does not produce enough insulin – an automated way to monitor and regulate their blood sugar.

“This project approaches the artificial pancreas not as a single device but as a network of local and global services working seamlessly together towards the optimal control of diabetes,” said Boris Kovatchev, PhD, of the University of Virginia School of Medicine and the Center for Diabetes Technology.

The artificial pancreas was developed at the School of Medicine by a team of researchers led by Kovatchev, the director of the UVA Center for Diabetes Technology, and Patrick Keith-Hynes, PhD. The device consists of a reconfigured smart phone running advanced algorithms, linked wirelessly with a blood glucose monitor and an insulin pump, and communicating with Internet services in real time.

The system’s developers intend for it to monitor and regulate blood-sugar levels automatically, report to a remote-monitoring site and link the user with assistance via telemedicine as needed. This would save users from having to stick their fingers to check their glucose levels multiple times a day and eliminate the need for countless syringes to inject insulin manually. The physicians on the team – Bruce Buckingham, MD, of Stanford, and UVA’s Stacey Anderson, MD, and Sue Brown, MD – have tested the artificial pancreas system in successful outpatient trials in Virginia, California and in Europe.

University of Virginia Press Release

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