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Artificial Pancreas Outpatient Studies Recruiting Participants Now; Search Clinical Trials.gov

The objectives of this outpatient research study are (1) to assess the ability of this automated system to be operated by a subject with limited professional oversight; (2) to assess whether the new devices (Dexcom Gen 4 sensors, Motorola ES400 smart phone, iDex pump controller) will reduce the frequency of hardware and data communication lapses seen in the previous system; and (3) to measure the degree of glucose control achievable with this automated system.

Recent Search of Open Artificial Pancreas Clinical Trials

The system will adjust blood glucose by administering insulin and glucagon. Insulin is a hormone that lowers blood glucose and will be given nearly continuously during this study. Glucagon raises blood glucose and will be automatically administered during hypoglycemia. Both are natural hormones made by people without diabetes. Each subject will have four devices placed on his abdomen: two Omnipod insulin pumps, one for delivering insulin and one for delivering glucagon, and two Dexcom G4 glucose sensors for measuring glucose. The two sensors will feed glucose data into Motorola smart phone master controller, which will calculate the correct amount of insulin or glucagon to deliver. The system will then send the command to the correct Omnipod through the iDex pod controller.

In this new system, the research subject will be able to monitor the progress of the study by use of the smart phone graphical user interface. The subject will have a companion with him/her during the entire study for safety purposes. Both the subject and companion will complete a training course on how to treat diabetic emergencies and how to operate the system. A study physician and technician will be in the hotel during each study and will be monitoring the study via a cloud-based data communication system. These studies will be carried out in a hotel setting.

Legacy Research Institute Recruiting
Portland, Oregon, United States,   97232

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Type 1 Diabetes and Pizza: Two Topics That Don’t Taste Good Together — Unless You Read This Post

In my blogging about Type 1 diabetes, I’ve tried to avoid commentary about how difficult daily life can be for PWDs ( That’s People With Diabetes).  We R The Cure is focused on how and when we’ll have cures or solutions that improve our quality of life. However, for the next two posts, I’m going to break my own rule and talk about a subject that everyone loves — Eating Pizza! That’s right, we’re talking hot, cheesy pizza with all your favorite toppings.

Pizza and Diabetes

Everyone Loves Pizza; But The Saturated Fat and Carbs Equal Trouble For Persons With Type 1 Diabetes

Well, most PWDs struggle with this tasty food. For me, I try to eat 1 slice and no more. This is my blog so I can tell you the truth, right? Recently, I stumbled over this awesome blog post by  Rich the Diabetic  and the light bulb came on. I don’t think I’ve seen the ” blood sugar ” roller coaster explained so well.  So, with ALL credits given to Rich, here is some great advice on how to balance pizza and type 1 diabetes. All in moderation. Thank you Rich!

Diabetes and pizza.  Hmmmm?  If you have diabetes, and you love pizza, you’ve probably experienced the blood sugar roller coaster that occurs after you’ve filled your tummy with as much as it can stand without exploding.  (Everybody’s done it!)  Over the last week or so, for some reason, pizza has come up in conversation with many of my diabetes peeps. Then today I read this neat story at www.sixuntilme.com about pizza, and I figure this is the universe telling me to blog about it.

I love pizza, but I don’t eat it, partly because I don’t have the math skills to figure out the bolus required for eating pizza.  Here’s what typically happens to diabetics that don’t yet understand pizza and diabetes.  Let’s say you eat 4 slices of pizza, and you start with a normal blood sugar of about 100 mg/dl.  4 slices is approximately 100g of carbs.  Notice I said approximately.  You never really know how many carbs are in each piece for a bazillion reasons.  (It’s a word.  It’s MY word.)  So you bolus for 100g carbs.  Between 1 and 2 hours later, you crash hard.  Your blood sugar is like, . . . in the 50′s.  So you eat what you’re suppose to, exactly 12 carbs, and you check, and your blood sugar is around 80 mg/dl.  Then 2 hours later it’s 270!  WTH?!

Here’s what happened.  The high saturated fat content in the cheese caused temporary insulin resistance, slowing down the initial blood sugar spike, AND hours later it causes your remaining bolus and your basal to be less effective  So you bolused for 100g, and since the fat slowed down the carbs, your blood sugar didn’t rise as quickly as it would otherwise, but your insulin still did it’s job, so you crashed.  Then you corrected at about the same time that the fat is causing insulin resistance, so you’re rising from your correction, AND you’re rising from the insulin resistance.  This can last for hours.

Now if you didn’t know this, don’t feel bad.  I only learned about saturated fat’s effect on my blood sugar and diabetes last year.  I have my CDE (Certified Diabetes Educator) to thank for educating me on this.  Have I mentioned that she’s amazing?  Now that I understand this, I have a lot less “unexplained high blood sugars”.  Below is how I deal with high saturated fat meals.

First, don’t just try this without first consulting your endo or CDE, because saturated fat doesn’t effect every diabetic the same way.  I’m just sharing what I do.  So here goes.  This first bit is VERY IMPORTANT.  When my meal has more than 25g of saturated fat, then I increase my total bolus amount by around 25%, BUT I  DON’T TAKE IT ALL AT ONCE.  I take 40-60% of it with my meal, and then I take the rest of it in a dual-wave bolus set for 4 hours.  That usually works for me, but you have to fine tune it every time depending on how much carbs, and how much saturated fat you eat in a meal.  When you’re meal has less than 25g of saturated fat, it’s less likely to affect you this way, so if you only eat 2 pieces of pizza, you don’t usually have to bother with this, but again, it’s different for everybody.  (I know, to many commas.  I don’t care. It’s my blog! *grin*)

I actually don’t eat pizza anymore because I try to follow the paleo lifestyle most of the time.  However I do eat large amounts of saturated fat every once in a while, so I still have to deal with this.  It’s been so long since I ate pizza, that I honestly can’t even remember the last time I had it?  Some diabetics will say pizza is horrible and you shouldn’t eat it, some will say anything is ok in moderation, and others don’t limit themselves and enjoy what they like.  Whatever you choose, I hope this blog helps you understand pizza’s effect on your blood sugar.